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Difference between JEE and NEET

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IIT JEE and NEET are the most prestigious and popular exams for every senior secondary student. Both the exams are National-level examinations that register students in undergraduate programs of engineering and medical respectively. These national level entrance exams are usually given after class 12th to choose to enter into the stream of science. IIT JEE and NEET are very difficult due to limited seat availability and the pattern of the paper. But when you look closer into it, the difference is huge, and that is not talking in terms of the level of difficulty but about affecting one’s career and putting the groundwork for that very thing.

If these two exams sound to be so identical, what makes them apart? Are these two exams akin to each other? If you too are looking for the answers to these questions, then read ahead to take a look at the dissimilarities between the two big-shots of the exam industry.


JEE stands for Joint Entrance Exam; this exam is piloted for providing admissions to eligible candidates in various engineering graduate programs like Bachelor in Engineering (B.E.) and Bachelor in Technology (B.Tech.). It functions as a Common Entrance Test for a total of 24 Indian Institutes of Technology campuses, 32 National Institute of Technology campuses, 18 Indian Institute of Information Technology campuses, and 19 other Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs). 

NEET stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is conducted for providing admissions in various undergraduate medical courses (MBBS) and dental courses (BDS) in government or private medical and dental colleges in India. NEET is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India. 

JEE Mains vs NEET

The major difference between the two lies in choosing the professional course like for engineering you have to apply in JEE mains and for medical go for NEET. Another immediate variance we see is the weightage of particular subjects like NEET has more weightage on Biology and JEE has more on Math. In the table below we will get to know the major variations of the two popular exams in India.

BasisJEE (Mains)NEET
Abbreviation forJoint Entrance ExaminationNational Eligibility cum Entrance Test
TypeComputer-based testPen and paper-based
Subjects/ skillsPaper 1: Physics, Chemistry and MathematicsPaper 2:Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and PlanningBiology, Chemistry and Physics
Number of questions 90 (30 questions from each subject)                      180 QuestionsPhysics- 45, Chemistry- 45, Biology- 90 (Botany- 45, Zoology- 45)
Duration3 hours3 hours
Types of questions
60MCQs having four options, each with one correct option+ 30 Questions for which answer is a Numerical Value
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Marking SchemeFor MCQs: +4 for each correct response; -1 for each incorrect response; Unattempted questions will not be marked.For Non- MCQs: +4 for each correct response, no negative marking for incorrect answers or unattempted questions.+ 4 for a correct answer, -1 for an incorrect answer
Used forAdmission to undergraduate Engineering and architecture courses in 31 NITs, 23 IITs and other colleges. Also serves as a prelim selection for JEE Advanced.Admission to undergraduate Medical courses in government and private colleges. Qualifying it is mandatory for pursuing the same abroad.
Score Range-75 to 300-180 to 720
Frequency2 times in a year (for 2022)Once a year
RestrictionWithin 3 years of passing class 12thApplicant must be at least 17 years old (if more than 25 years old, then subjected to the Supreme Courts’ orders)
LanguagesAssamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odiya, Punjabi, Tamil, Urdu and Telugu.Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu
12th Class Cutoff for EligibilityGeneral – 75%Reserved – 65%General – 50%OBC – 45%SC/ST/PWD – 40%
Exam feesGeneral/ OBC (Non-creamy layer):boys – Rs 650/- Girls–Rs 325/-SC/ST/PwD/ Transgender Boys – Rs 325/-  Girls– Rs 325/General Category – Rs 1500General EWS/ OBC – Rs 1400 ST/ SC/ PWD/ – Rs.800
Official websitehttps://jeemain.nta.nic.inhttps://neet.nta.nic.in/


So, now we concluded that both entrance exams are modes for two very different professional futures. NEET is for the medical stream and JEE Mains for engineering courses. NEET is slightly tougher than JEE Main but easier than JEE Advanced, but that is always debatable, as seats are comparatively limited in NEET making it more competitive. But in the end, it boils down to one’s preference, liking and expertise. Apart from that, the syllabus for the 2 papers is somewhat similar to physics and chemistry, but one cannot trust the preparation of one for cracking another. All the subjects must be thoroughly studied by the aspirants.

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