The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), India’s national board of education, has proposed a new examination curriculum for Class 10 and Class 12 students, which involves major changes in the number of subjects and the examination format. This article discusses the key features of the proposed CBSE curriculum, its implications for students, and the possible challenges that may arise during the transition period.


The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has proposed a significant revision to its curriculum for Class 10 and Class 12 students, set to be implemented in the near future. This overhaul aims to introduce a more comprehensive and balanced educational experience for students, focusing on developing their critical thinking skills, creativity, and problem-solving abilities. This article explores the proposed changes, their implications for students, and the potential challenges that may arise during the transition period.

Key Changes to the CBSE Curriculum

1. Revised Subject Structure in Class 10:

  • The proposed curriculum introduces three compulsory languages (English, Hindi, and one additional language), along with seven other subjects chosen from a list of 14 optional subjects.
  • Students will have the flexibility to select elective subjects that align with their interests and future aspirations.

2. Six Papers in Class 12:

  • The examination format in Class 12 will consist of six separate papers, including two language papers, three elective papers, and one compulsory core subject paper.
  • This change aims to reduce the burden of studying multiple subjects simultaneously and allow students to focus on a smaller number of topics.

3. Practical Examinations and Internal Assessment:

  • Practical examinations will be introduced for various subjects, such as science, physical education, and vocational subjects.
  • Internal assessment will also play a significant role in evaluating students’ performance throughout the academic year.

4. Holistic Development of Students:

  • The proposed curriculum emphasizes the development of higher-order thinking skills, creativity, and life skills.
  • Students will be encouraged to engage in project-based learning, problem-solving exercises, and collaborative activities.

5. Empowerment of Teachers:

  • The CBSE plans to provide training and support to teachers to help them adapt to the new curriculum effectively.
  • Professional development opportunities will be offered to enhance teachers’ pedagogical skills and understanding of the subject matter.


The proposed changes to the CBSE curriculum are a step towards modernizing and enhancing the educational experience for students. The curriculum aims to provide a balanced focus on language proficiency, subject knowledge, practical skills, and overall personal development. While the transition to the new curriculum may initially pose challenges, it holds immense potential to nurture well-rounded individuals who are equipped to thrive in the 21st-century globalized world. Successful implementation will require collaboration between stakeholders, including CBSE, schools, teachers, parents, and students, to ensure a smooth and effective transition for the benefit of future generations.

Mohan Prasad
B Tech IIT Delhi, MBA IIM Lucknow, Founder PracBee
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